General Information


 (General Information)

Establishment date - 28 May 1918
Date of joining to the United Nations         - 2 March 1992
Date of joining to the Council of Europe - 17 January 2001
Territory, thsd. km2 - 86,61)
Capital - Baku
Currency - Manat

The State Symbols of Republic of Azerbaijan:


The National Flag of the Republic of Azerbaijan consists of three horizontal stripes equal in length. The upper stripe is blue, the middle is red, the lower is green colored. In the center of the red stripe on the both sides of the flag there is a white crescent and eight-angled star.

The three-color national flag of Azerbaijan was accepted by the government of the Democratic Republic of Azerbaijan on November 9, 1918. After the collapse of the Democratic Republic in April 28, 1920 and the establishment of the Soviet regime this flag was relinquished in Azerbaijan. Yet the flag was restored by the order of the Supreme Medjlis of the Nakhichevan Autonomous Republic and was declared the national flag of the Autonomous Republic on November 17,1990. At the same time the Supreme Medjlis of Nakhichevan Autonomous Republic petitioned to the Supreme Council of the Azerbaijan SSR for recognition of the three-color flag the national flag of Azerbaijan.

The Supreme Council of the Azerbaijan Republic considered the petition of the Supreme Medjlis of Nakhichevan Autonomous Republic and approved the three-color flag the national flag of the Azerbaijan Republic on February 5, 1991.


The National Emblem represents an image of oriental escutcheon, placed on the arch composed of oak branches and wheat ears. On the escutcheon in the background of the National flag colors of the Republic of Azerbaijan there is an image of the eight-pointed star and in the center of the star there are tongues of flame.


Music by: Uzeyir Hajibeyov

Words by: Ahmed Javad

Azerbaijan, Azerbaijan!
You are the country of heroes!
We will die so that you might be alive!
We will shed our blood to defend you!
Long live your three-colored banner!
Thousands of people sacrificed their lives
You've become the field of battles.
Every soldier fighting for you,
Has become a hero.
We pray for your prosperity,
We make sacrifice our lives to you
Our sincere love to you,
Comes from the bottom of our hearts.
To defend your honor,
To hoist your banner,
All the young people are ready.
Glorious motherland,
Azerbaijan, Azerbaijan!

National Holidays:  
The New Year's Day January 1-2
The Women's Day March 8
Novruz March 20-24
The Victory Day over fascism May 9
The Republic Day May 28
The Day of National Salvation of the Azerbaijani People   June15
The Armed Forces Day June 26
The National Independence Day  October 18 
State Flag Day of Azerbaijan November 9
The Constitution Day November 12
The National Revival Day November 17
The World Azerbaijanis Solidarity Day December31
Religious holidays:  
Gurban two days
Ramadan  two days
Commemoration days:  
20 January  January 20
Khojaly genocide  February 26
The day genocide of Azerbaijanis March 31

Geographical data


86,6 thousand square km (12% of the territory are covered by forests, 1,7% - by water, 54,9% - by agricultural lands, (including 31,1% - by pastures , 31,4% are other lands). The country is situated in the latitude 38° and 42° of north and in the longitude of 44° and 52° east.

Average annual temperature (2014)  + 13,4⁰C  
Maximum average temperature  + 28,5⁰C
Minimum average temperature  +2,9⁰C
Average annual quantity of precipitations    387,7 mm

State borders:

Borders with Iran (765 km) and Turkey (15 km) in the south

Borders with Russia (390 km) in the north

Borders with Georgia (480 km) in the north-west

Borders with Armenia (1007 km) in the west

The length of the widest area of Azerbaijan section of the Caspian Sea is 456 km.

Administrative structure:  
Number of administrative units:  
Autonomous Republic 1
Regions 66
Towns 78
Urban districts 14
Settlements 261
Rural territorial units 1727
Rural settlements districts 4249

Population (according to 01.01.2015):

Population size, thsd. persons     9593,02)
Population density, per 1 sq. km  100
Of total population, %:  
Urban population 53,1%
Rural population 46,9%
Of total population, %:   
Men 49,8%
Women 50,2%
The amount of population of Baku, thsd.persons  -2204,2

Composition of population by nationality (according to census) 

(Of total population, %) :  
Azerbaijanis                      91,6
Lezghins 2,0
Russians 1,3
Armenians 1,3
Talishes 1,3
Avars 0,6
Turks 0,4
Tatars 0,3
Tats 0,3
Ukrainians 0,3
Tsakhurs 0,1
Georgians 0,1
Jews 0,1
Kurds 0,1
Grizes 0,04
Udins 0,04
Khinaligs 0,02
Other nationalities 0,1
State language: Azerbaijani


The religion in Azerbaijan is separated from state. All religions are equal before the law. 

The majority of the population is Muslims. At present there are more than 380 registered religious communities in Azerbaijan. Christianity is represented by the orthodox, catholic and protestant branches, as well as by different sectarian communities. There are 3 Jewish communities – Mountain Jews, Ashkenazi Jews and Georgian Jews.

Political system:Azerbaijan is a democratic, legal, secular and unitary republic.

The state power in the Republic of Azerbaijan is based on a principle of division of powers: In political system in terms of implementation of the state power Azerbaijan is a presidential republic. 

The Head of State: President

The President of the Republic of Azerbaijan is elected for a 5-year term by way of general, direct and equal elections, with free, personal and secret ballot. On October 9, 2013IlhamHeydarogluAliyev was elected President of the Republic of Azerbaijan.

In the Republic of Azerbaijan the MilliMajlis (Parliament)exercises the legislative power. The MilliMajlis of the Republic of Azerbaijan consists of 125 deputies. On November 7, 2010 the elections for the 4th Convocation of MilliMejlis was held in the Republic of Azerbaijan. The MilliMajlis consists of 105 men (84,0 %) and 20 women (16,0 % ).

The Judicial poweris implemented by the Constitutional Court of the Republic of Azerbaijan, the Supreme Court of the Republic of Azerbaijan, the Court of Appeal of the Republic of Azerbaijan, regional and specialized courts of the Republic of Azerbaijan.

The political system of Azerbaijanis based on the principles of political pluralism. At present there are 55 political parties in the Republic of Azerbaijan. Political parties take part in the implementation of state power by representing themselves in legislative bodies and local municipal governments. At present 4000 public and non-governmental organizations are acting in Azerbaijan.

Date of establishment, in 28 May 1918 the territory has made 114 thsd. sq km, these territories (Goycha and Zangazur) were occupied by Soviet Russian and presented to Armenia in 1924;

2) 1 millions is refugees and IDPs;

3) according to january- august, 2015

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